Language Family: Turkic branch of Altaic language family.
Location: Turkmenistan (official language), Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
Related Languages:
Turkish and Azerbaijani.


Turkmen Language Fonts

Yahoo! Search - Free Language Sites

Because font sites come and go on the Internet, the best service SEELRC can provide its users is this Yahoo! Search "find it yourself" link.





Search Engine Colossus - Turkmenistan

Links to primary Turkmen language search engines and gateways.

Turkmenistan Chaihana

Website of the Peace Corps Friends of Turkmenistan with links to photographs, journals, essays and information. Very extensive Turkmenistan links site.

Russian and East European Network Information Center (REENIC) - Turkmenistan

This link to the Russian and East European Network Information Center website at the University of Texas, Austin, has been preset to connect you directly to resources related to Turkmenistan.

REESWeb - Search Turkmenistan

Do a "search keyword" for "Turkmenistan" in the University of Pittsburgh's Center for Russian and East European Studies website database. Strong in links throughout Eastern and Central Europe as well as with the NIS.

Library of Congress Portals to the World - Turkmenistan

Created and maintained by the LoC Area Studies Directorate.

BUBL LINK - Turkmenistan

BUBL LINK Catalogue is largest Internet portal in U.K.: Selected Internet resources covering all academic subject areas.

Yahoo - Regional, Countries Links - Turkmenistan

Excellent Yahoo search engine links for countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe.

Turkmen International Homepage

Links to great writers, horses, art, music, etc.

Turkmenistan: All Interesting Facts and Information

Links to economy and education, history, culture, business, environment, etc.

EurasiaNet - Turkmenistan

Resources and daily news links.

DMOZ Open Directory - Turkmenistan

Extensive resources page, includes links to Interactive Portals, Music and Art, Country/Regions, etc.

Google Directory - Tajikistan

Google Regional Directory preset for Turkmenistan.

Google.com Search - Pre-set for Turkmen

The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Turkmen language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Turkmen fonts. (Also included in Language Materials links below.)


Professional Organizations, Online Journals and Library Consortia

Idealist.org - Turkmenistan

"Action without borders" offers list of national non-profit professional and social organizations.

Central Eurasian Studies Society (CESS)

Multilingual website in 13 languages including Turkmen, provides comprehensive access to information on the scholarly field of Central Eurasian Studies for the benefit of students, scholars, and non-specialists.

American Association of Teachers of Turkic Languages (AATT)

AATT, "founded in 1985 as the American Association of Teachers of Turkish, is a private, non-profit, non-political organization of individuals interested in the languages of the Turks. In 1993, the members voted to expand and include all languages of the Turks. The objective of the Association is to advance and improve the teaching of the languages of the Turks; to promote study, criticism, and research in the field of the languages and literatures of the Turks; and to further the common interests of teachers of these subjects."

Inner Asian and Uralic National Resource Center, Indiana University - Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan resource page of IAUNRC. Also check main page and links.

American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies

" The Association represents American scholarship in the field of Russia, Central Eurasian, Central and East European studies. Representatives of the AAASS sit on such bodies as the US State Department's Advisory Committee on the Soviet/East European Research and Training Act (1983), and the International Congress for Central and East European Studies (ICCEES). It is a constituent society of the American Council of Learned Societies. "

Central Asia-Caucasus Institute (SAIS)

The Johns Hopkins University, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. The Central Asia-Caucasus Institute of SAIS: for the study of the Caucasus, Central Asia and the Caspian Region.

Middle East Studies Association

"MESA is a private nonprofit, nonpolitical organization of scholars and other persons interested in the study of the Middle East, North Africa and the Islamic world. MESA is dedicated to promoting high standards of scholarship and instruction, to facilitating communication among scholars through annual meetings and publications, and to promoting cooperation among those who study the Middle East."

International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX)

IREX is the premier US nonprofit organization specializing in higher education, independent media, Internet development, and civil society programs in the United States, Europe, Eurasia, the Near East, and Asia.


Universities, Programs and Centers of Study

U.S. Institutions Teaching Turkmen

From Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota. Search LCTL list of primary US universities offering instruction in the Turkmen language.

Turkmenistan: Colleges and Universities

Links to major institutions of higher learning.

Colleges and Universities - Turkmenistan

Another link site to institutions of higher learning.


Language Materials

Turkmen Language- Wikipedia

General article with examples and external links.

UCLA Language Materials Project: Teaching Materials for Less Commonly Taught Languages

Outstanding site for both online and published resources - not just for teachers. Select "Turkmen," "All Materials," and "All Levels" for full display.

Includes: Cultural Orientation, 15 common phrases, basic language guide and more.

Orientaal's links to Turkic languages - Turkmen

Some rare finds in this language resource site.

Turkmen Writing System

Basic introduction to Turkmen alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.

UCLA Language Materials Profiles - Turkmen

Each Language Profile includes information about the historical, cultural, and social roots of the language, a map showing where the language is spoken, basic facts about the grammar, writing systems, and history of the language, and a wealth of other sociolinguistic information. Each page also includes contains links to the LMP citations for that language and a list of websites of interest to teachers and learners of the language.

LangNet - on Joint Language University

"LangNet is a language learning support system with interactive materials designed for those who want to practice and maintain their target language reading and listening skills." Currently, only available to military, government agencies and select academic institutions. Best accessed through Joint Language University portal (above).

Joint Language University - Turkmen Resources

In addition to LangNet (above), JLU also provides one login/password access to WordChamp online language lessons; and SCOLA television broadcasts.

LanguagesOnTheWeb.com - Turkmen

Large list of links to Turkmen language and country/culture sites. Not all functional and not all freeshare.

Google.com Search - Preset for Turkmen

The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Turkmen language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Turkmen fonts. (Also included in Language Materials links below.)


Online Dictionaries

YourDictionary.com - Turkmen

Large dictionary portal offers general and specialized online dictionaries

Turkmen - English Online Dictionary

Very basic but it works.


Online Media and News

Kidon Media-Link: Turkmenistan

Links to online newspapers, magazines, TV and radio stations from this giant news portal.

OnlineNewspapers.com - Turkmenistan

Slim selection of national newspapers.

TvRadioWorld - Turkmenistan

About: "TvRadioWorld is an informational directory dealing with radio and television broadcasters worldwide." Site allows you to bookmark favorite radio stations for listening.

Eurasianet - Turkmenistan

News in English and Russian from a variety of news sources.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty - Turkmen News Service

Latest news reports in English and Turkmen.

Yahoo! News - Turkmenistan

Latest news in English from a variety of news sources.

SCOLA - Global Foreign Language Portal

SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.


WWW Virtual Library - Central Asia - Turkmenistan

Large index to sites related to Central Asian countries.

Wikipedia - History of Turkmenistan

Excellent encyclopedia article with addition links to important periods and personalities.

Turkmen History

History of the land, civilizations, and peoples of what is now modern Turkmenistan.

Turkmenistan - History and Culture

From the Embassy of Turkmenistan website.

Wikipedia - Culture of Turkmenistan

Short article - which will grow over time.


Government and Politics

Governments on the WWW - Turkmenistan

Includes links to National Institutions and Government sites including President and most Ministries; Embassies in foreign countries, Political Parties, etc.

Political Resources on the Net - Turkmenistan

Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world.

Foreign and International Law - Turkmenistan

From the Washburn University School of Law Library, links to country sites for Constitutional Law, Government and Politics, Law and Legislation, Legislative Bodies, etc.

GlobalSecuity.org - Turkmenistan

Search for "Turkmenistan" for news on topics like Hostilities, Security, Weapons, People, Countries, Organizations, Money.

Centre of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law

The Centre of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law was established in 1990 at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University, in recognition of the growing importance of law in both its Islamic and Middle Eastern dimensions. Website provides links to original papers and documents fundamental to Islamic Law.


Country Studies

Wikipedia - Turkmenistan

Excellent online encyclopedia article covering geography, history, military, culture, etc. with links to Internet resources.

Turkmenistan - A Country Study

Exceptionally detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, Very Detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends, etc.

DLIFLC - Turkmenistan in Perspective

Online familiarization course. Chapters include: Country Profile, Geography, History, Economy, Society, and Security; also has an End-ofCourse Test/Assessment.

CIA World Factbook - Turkmenistan

Good resource site for information on Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, and Transnational Issues.

BBC News Country Profiles - Turkmenistan

Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of countries; also biographic sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.



Country Analyses

U.S. Department of State Background Notes - Turkmenistan

Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations, and Travel/Business.

International Monetary Fund - Turkmenistan

Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population, Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.

The World Bank Group - Turkmenistan

WBG Activities in Turkmenistan, with additional related links.

The World Trade Organization

"The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world?s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business."

Energy Information Administration Country Analysis Briefs - Central Asia: Turkmenistan

"The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and environment."

World Health Organization - Turkmenistan

About WHO" "The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Turkmenistan

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 178 member National Societies.

Amnesty International - Turkmenistan

Amnesty International is a champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of its culture and politics.

Human Rights Watch - Turkmenistan

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.

International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights

The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights is a self-governing group of non-governmental, not-for-profit organizations that act to protect human rights throughout Europe, North America, and the Central Asian republics formed from the territories of the former Soviet Union. A primary specific goal is to monitor compliance with the human rights provisions of the Helsinki Final Act and its Follow-up Documents.


Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Destinations - Turkmenistan

The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.

Wikitravel - Turkmenistan

Wikitravel - by the people, for the people. Still coming into being for some countries.

Yahoo Travel Guide - Turkmenistan

Includes links to history, basics, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.