Language Family: Indo-Aryan language of the Indo-Iranian subgroup of the Indo-European language family.
Punjab state, India. Punjab province, Pakistan. Elsewhere in Pakistant and India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh.
Related Languages:
Hindi, Urdu.


Punjabi Language Fonts

Yahoo! Search - Free Language Sites

Because sites come and go on the Internet, the best resource for language fonts may be this Yahoo! Search "find it yourself" link.

Download Punjabi Fonts

Comments in the previous entry to the contrary notwithstanding, here's a site that provided Punjabi fonts for both Windows and Mac.



Punjabi Cuisine; More; More, More

Punjabi Music; More; More; More



Google.com Search - Preset for Punjabi

The Google search engine has been preset for you to search the Internet using the Punjabi language. Also ideal for target language lexical and contextual searches and other language-oriented uses. Requires Punjabi fonts.

Resources for the Study of South and Southeast Asian Languages and Cultures

In English, from Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Göttingen; perhaps the most extensive online resource site.


Professional Organizations, Online Journals and Library Consortia

Center for Sikh and Punjab Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara

"The creation of the Center for Sikh and Punjab Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, was approved in the spring of 2004. Located jointly in Global and International Studies Program and Religious Studies, the Center provides institutional support for the study of the Sikh tradition, the region of the Punjab, and the Punjabi communities settled in other parts of the world."

Association for Asian Studies

"The Association for Asian Studies (AAS)—the largest society of its kind, with approximately 7,000 members worldwide—is a scholarly, non-political, non-profit professional association open to all persons interested in Asia." The South Asia Council (SAC), one of four regional coucil operating within AAS, provides a list of US and European institutions offering programs of study in Hindi and other South Asian languages.

British Association for South Asian Studies

"The British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS) is the largest UK academic association for the study of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives and the South Asian Diaspora."

European Association for South Asian Studies

"The European Association for South Asian Studies (EASAS) is a professional, non-profit organisation of scholars engaged in research and teaching concerning South Asia with regard to all periods and fields of study. The objectives of EASAS are to support and promote South Asian Studies in all countries of Europe."

VYAKARAN - ListServe

The first electronic discussion group dedicated solely to South Asian linguistics. Above link takes you to VYAKARAN archives page which also has sign-up information.

South Asia Language Review

The South Asian Language Review (SALR) is a biannual journal published in January and June w.e.f. January 1991. It publishes papers on theoretical as well as applied aspects of language and linguistics and book reviews.

Savifa: Virtual Library South Asia

Heidelberg University's Savifa: Virtual Library South Asia: "the information gateway for South Asia Studies, which offers you a comprehensive access to professionally selected and annotated internet resources as well as other scientific information."

E-Journals for South Asian Studies and Indology

Heidelberg University's Savifa: "offers in cooperation with the E-Journal Library (EZB) a comfortable point of entry to more than 200 e-journals. The coloured buttons indicate whether you have access to the full text."

South and Southeast Asian Studies - South Asia Resource Access on the Internet (SARAI)

Division of Columbia University Libaries provides links to Libraries, Reference Tools, eJournal, eNews, eBooks, and more. Also lists Conferences, Exhibits & Events on South Asia and more.

Digital South Asia Library

Rich academic online reference site from University of Chicago; inlcudes links to Bibliographies, References, Maps, Images, Books and Journals, etc.

National Council of Organizations of Less Commonly Taught Language

"The CouncilNet website is the hub of CouncilNet, the World Wide Web based network for organizations representing the less commonly taught languages (LCTLs) in the United States."

Linguistic Bibliography Online

"The Linguistic Bibliography covers publications from all branches of linguistics, both theoretical and descriptive, from all geographical areas. The emphasis is on non-Indo-European languages and lesser known Indo-European languages, including endangered and extinct languages. "

South Asian Language Teachers Association (SALTA)

"South Asian Teachers Association (SALTA) is a professional organization of language educators at university and college level and is a registered body in the state of New Jersey. The mission of this Association is to encourage a more effective cooperation among instructors and educators of South Asian languages, linguistics, and literatures in institutions of higher studies, particularly colleges and universities in North America."

Universities, Programs and Centers of Study

U.S. Institutions Teaching Punjabi

From Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota. Select Punjabi and search LCTL list of US schools and institutions of higher education offering instruction in the Punjabi language.

Center for Sikh and Punjab Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara

"The creation of the Center for Sikh and Punjab Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, was approved in the spring of 2004. Located jointly in Global and International Studies Program and Religious Studies, the Center provides institutional support for the study of the Sikh tradition, the region of the Punjab, and the Punjabi communities settled in other parts of the world."

Panjabi - South Asian Studies, University of Pennsylvania

"The Department of South Asia Studies (SAST) at the University of Pennsylvania, founded in 1948, is the oldest South Asia area studies program in the nation. The Department is home for all faculty teaching South Asian languages and cultures, ancient and modern, with many dual appointments of faculty in other university departments."

Punjab University - Chandigarh,

Panjab University, with its 46 teaching and research departments besides 10 Centres/Chairs for teaching and research on the main campus located at Chandigarh, has 150 affiliated colleges spread over Punjab and Chandigarh, Regional Centres at Muktsar, Ludhiana, Hoshiarpur and Department of Vishweshavaranand Vishva Bandhu Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies (VVBIS&IS) at Hoshiarpur.

University of the Punjab

Established in 1882 at Lahore, the University of the Punjab is the largest and the oldest seat of higher learning in Pakistan.

Language Materials

Punjabi Language - Wikipedia

Along with this general article, Wikipedia provides a separate, main article on Punjabi Grammar.

Basic introduction to the Gurmukhi alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.

Scripts of all of Asia - Brahmi Scripts

Indian script comparison charts by Eden Glshani.

Punjabi Lessons by Rupinderpal Singh Dhillon

A basic introduction to Punjabi language; 6 lessons.

Punjabi Language Tutor

Very basic introduction to writing and sound system.

Let's Learn Punjabi

From Advanced Centre for Technical Development of Punjabi Language, Literature and Culture, Punjabi University, Patiala

Ukindia - Learn to Read Punjabi

An seven-lesson introduction to Punjabi writing system and basic vocabulary.

Punjabi Lessons

The most detailed basic online course available covering alphabet, basic writing and words, vocabulary, and grammar..

Punjabi Electronic Literary Magazine Quarterly

First global Punjabi electronic literary magazine for Punjabi speaking readers.

UCLA Language Materials Project: Teaching Materials for Less Commonly Taught Languages - Punjabi

Outstanding site for both online and published resources - not just for teachers. Select "Punjabi," "All Materials," and "All Levels" for full display.

DLIFLC - GLOSS/LingNet - Punjabi

Product of Defense Language Institute: "All of the GLOSS lessons are categorized into one of three primary competencies: lexical (vocabulary), structure (grammar), and discourse (devices that bind texts, conversations, etc.). Additionally, all lessons address the socio-cultural competence through teacher notes and the like."

Includes: Cultural Orientation, 15 common phrases, basic language guide and more.

LangNet - on Joint Language University (JLU)

"LangNet is a language learning support system with interactive materials designed for those who want to practice and maintain their target language reading and listening skills." Currently, only available to military, government agencies and select academic institutions. Best accessed through Joint Language University portal (above).

Joint Language University - Punjabi Resources

In addition to LangNet (above), JLU also provides one login/password access to Transparent Language materials like Punjabi Language Virtual Flash Cards, Punjabi Talker, Punjabi Rapid Rote Audio, and Punjabi Immersion Environments; WordChamp online language lessons; and SCOLA television broadcasts..

LanguagesOnTheWeb.com - Punjabi

Large list of links to Punjabilanguage and country/culture sites. Not all functional and not all freeshare.

Wikipedia - Punjabi Version

The Punjabi version of Wikipedia is modest at this point but it can only grow.

Online Dictionaries

Large dictionary portal offers general and specialized online dictionaries

Punjabi Dictionary

Online English-Punjabi-English dictionary with links to additional online resources.

Online Punjabi-English-Punjabi Dictionary

A basic dictionary from Punjab Online.

Online Punjabi- English Dictionary

From Advanced Centre for Technical Development of Punjabi Language, Literature and Culture, Punjabi University, Patiala.

Digital Dictionaries of South Asia

From University of Chicago, links to several South Asian languages online dictionaries, including several Hindi and Urdu digital dictionaries.

Online Media and News

Large portal with links to Punjabi and English language newspapers.

Online Indian/Canadian Punjabi newspaper.

English language news of Punjab.

BBC - Weekend Punjabi

BBC news broadcasts in Punjabi.

BBC - Punjabi News and Entertainment

BBC another source in Punjabi.

Yahoo! News - Punjab

Latest news in English from a variety of news sources.

SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.

History, Culture, Religion

Survey of Punjabi history - a work in progress.

Quick yet informative overview of Punjabi history; click here for Detailed Timeline.

Detailed history of the Punjab with good external links.

Survey of various facets of Punjabi culture from architecture to cloth painting to poets and writers.

Wikipedia - Punjabi Culture

Detailed online history with numerous hyperlinks to important events, personalities and places.

Asian Art

The online journal for the study and exhibition of the arts of Asia. Excellent links collection.

Wikipedia - Sikh

Main article dedicated to adherents of Sikhism, with links to articles on Sikhism, Sikh Gurus, History of Sikhism,

Sikhism Homepage

Links to Origin and Development, Philosophy and Scripture, Resources and more.

History of the Sikhs

Basic site with links to History, Resources, etc. with biographies of Sikh Gurus, Great Sikh Warriors, Sikh personalities and more.

Sikh History in Punjabi

A 59-minute downloadable video history.

Link to Government and Politics - India or Pakistan

Country Studies

Link to Country Studies - India or Pakistan

Country Analyses

Link to Country Analyses - India or Pakistan

Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Destinations - Punjab, India; Punjab, Pakistan

The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.

Wikitravel - by the people, for the people. Wikitravel is a project to create a free, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide.

Google Directory - Punjab, India; Punjab, Pakistan

Includes links to cities, regions, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.