Language Family: West Iranian group of Iranian branch of Indo-European
Related Languages:
Very similar to Persian Farsi, Dari is sometimes called Dari Persian, Eastern Persian, Farsi-Kabuli or Farsi-Afghan

NOTE: Non- language specific links in this webliography relating to Afghanistan mirror those in the Pashto webliography.



Dari Language Fonts
(Note: Dari uses Farsi keyboard.)

Supplemental Keyboards from Joint Language University

Best source for phonetic Farsi keyboard downloads. Requires JLU account.

Virtual Farsi Keyboard

Use your mouse to select letters on keyboard, then copy and paste as needed, for example, to do Google search.

Yahoo! Search - Free Language Sites

Because sites come and go on the Internet, the best resource for language fonts may be this Yahoo! Search "find it yourself" link.




Afghanistan Studies - Directory of Online Resources fro the Study of Afghanistan

Probably the most extensive site available for modern-day Afghan resources. By AcademicInfo, an online education resource center with extensive subject guides and distance learning information.

Afghanistan and Central Asia Research Information

From Indiana University, links below to information on Afghanistan, the Taliban, and Al Qaeda.

Area Studies - Afghanistan

From UK. Links to political and governmental sites around the world, on a country by country basis.

Search Engine Colossus - Afghanistan

Links to primary search engines and gateways.

Afghanistan Online

A comprehensive site devoted to information on Afghanistan in all subject areas including: women, culture, history, biography, the economy, languages, politics, and current news. Includes commercial materials.

BUBL LINK - Afghanistan

BUBL LINK Catalogue is largest Internet portal in U.K.: Selected Internet resources covering all academic subject areas

DMOZ Open Directory - Afghanistan

Extensive resources page, includes links to Interactive Portals, Music and Art, Country/Regions, etc.

Google Directory - Afghanistan

Google Regional Directory preset for Afghanistan.

Library of Congress Portals to the World - Afghanistan

Created and maintained by the LoC Area Studies Directorate

.Yahoo Regional Countries Links - Afghanistan

Excellent Yahoo search engine links for everything from Arts and Humanities to Travel and more.


Professional Organizations, Online Journals and Library Consortia

Middle East Studies Association (MESA)

The Middle East Studies Association (MESA) is a non-political association that fosters the study of the Middle East, promotes high standards of scholarship and teaching, and encourages public understanding of the region and its peoples through programs, publications and services that enhance education, further intellectual exchange, recognize professional distinction, and defend academic freedom.

American Institute of Afghanistan Studies

"The American Institute of Afghanistan Studies (AIAS) is a private, non-profit organization run by scholars with the aim of promoting and encouraging the systematic study of the culture, society, land, languages, health, peoples and history of Afghanistan."

Institute for Afghan Studies

" We at the Institute for Afghan Studies are always looking for motivated and creative individuals who can help us in achieving our goal, which is to foster a better understanding of Afghan affairs through scholarly research and studies. ."

European Center for Afghan Studies Homepage

"A European network of academics and other professionals specialising in working on issues to do with Afghanistan and the global diaspora of Afghan people."

Afghanistan Digital Library

The Afghanistan Digital Library at NYU will retrieve and restore works published in Afghanistan between 1870 and 1930; the long-term objective is to collect, catalogue, digitize and provide access to as many of this period's publications as possible.

National Council of Organizations of Less Commonly Taught Language

"The CouncilNet website is the hub of CouncilNet, the World Wide Web based network for organizations representing the less commonly taught languages (LCTLs) in the United States.

Linguistic Bibliography Online

"The Linguistic Bibliography covers publications from all branches of linguistics, both theoretical and descriptive, from all geographical areas. The emphasis is on non-Indo-European languages and lesser known Indo-European languages, including endangered and extinct languages.


Universities, Programs and Centers of Study

Center for Afghanistan Studies

"For over thirty years, the University of Nebraska at Omaha has provided national and international leadership in promoting collaborative programming and scholarship related to Afghanistan. The Center for Afghanistan Studies at UNO exists to manage educational exchanges between Afghans and Americans, to collaborate with US academic, governmental, and private institutions to provide educational and developmental assistance to Afghanistan, and to inform Americans, particularly Nebraskans, about Afghanistan."

From Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota. Select Dari and search LCTL list of US schools and institutions of higher education offering instruction in the Dari language.

LinguaVista - Dari

"The LinguaVista website enables language learners to find high-level language programs in the US and abroad."

Afghanistan Colleges and Universities

Links to major institutions of higher learning in Afghanistan.

Colleges and Universities - Afghanistan

More links to major institutions of higher learning in Afghanistan.


Language Materials

Dari - Wikipedia

A general, basic article on the Dari language.

Dari Writing System

Basic introduction to Dari alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.

Dari - Video Lessons 1-37

A basic conversation/expressions course by a native enthusiast on YouTube. Creator believes that going through the lessons in order, 1 through 37, is most effective method to use this course.

UCLA Language Materials Project: Teaching Materials for Less Commonly Taught Languages - Dari

Outstanding site for published resources - not just for teachers. Select "Dari," "All Materials," and "All Levels" for full display.

DLIFLC - GLOSS/LingNet - Dari

More than 100 reading and listening exercises for Dari. "All of the GLOSS lessons are categorized into one of three primary competencies: lexical (vocabulary), structure (grammar), and discourse (devices that bind texts, conversations, etc.). Additionally, all lessons address the socio-cultural competence through teacher notes and the like."

DLIFLC - Weekly Training Events - Dari

More than 37 training events available.

DLIFLC - Field Support Modules - Dari Familiarization

Includes: Cultural Orientation, 15 common phrases, basic language guide and more.

LangNet - on Joint Language University

"LangNet is a language learning support system with interactive materials designed for those who want to practice and maintain their target language reading and listening skills." Currently, only available to military, government agencies and select academic institutions. Best accessed through Joint Language University portal (above).

Joint Language University - Dari Resources

In addition to LangNet (above), JLU also provides one login/password access to Transparent Language materials like Darii Language Virtual Flash Cards, Dari Talker, Darii Rapid Rote Audio, and Dari Immersion Environments; WordChamp online language lessons; and SCOLA television broadcasts.

Dari Resources from Martindale's Language and Translation Center

A resource site for online some Dari dictionaries, language courses, working aids, and the like.


Online Dictionaries

Large dictionary portal offers general and specialized online dictionaries

Dari <> English Dictionary

Very basic online word-list dictionary.

Dari <> English Dictionary

From Websters-online-dictionary org., still in development phase but useful.



Links to Dari and English online newspapers, magazines, TV and radio stations from this giant news portal.

OnlineNewspapers.com - Afghanistan

Huge selection of online national newspapers - with some regional.

Voice of America - Dari

Voice of America news broadcasting in target language.

Deutsche Welle - Dari News Service

"Deutsche Welle is Germany’s international broadcaster: online, on-screen and over the air. It provides a European perspective to audiences around the world and promotes intercultural dialogue."

RadioStationWorld - Afghanistan

About: "RadioStationWorld is an informational directory dealing with radio and television broadcasters worldwide." Site allows you to bookmark favorite radio stations for listening.

Yahoo! News - Afghanistan

Latest news in English from a variety of news sources.

SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.


Wikipedia - History of Afghanistan; since 1992

Detailed online histories with numerous hyperlinks to articles on important events, personalities and places.

History of Afghanistan

Detailed history with emphasis on modern era to present day, by John Ford Shroder, Regents Professor of Geography and Geology, University of Nebraska.

Wikipedia - Culture of Afghanistan

Everything from Art and Architecture to Rugs and Sports. Lots of external links.

Wikipedia - Islam in Afghanistan

Approximately 99 percent of Afghans are Muslims.

Afghanistan Old Photos

Collection of photographs of Afghanistan, mostly from 1880s to 1930s: pictures of Kabul, Kandahar, Bamiyan, historic images and Afghan kings.


Government and Politics

Governments on the WWW - Afghanistan

Includes links to National Institutions and Government sites including President and most Ministries; Embassies in foreign countries, Political Parties, etc.

Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world

.Foreign and International Law - Afghanistan

From the Washburn University School of Law Library, links to country sites for Constitutional Law, Government and Politics, Law and Legislation, Legislative Bodies, etc.


Country Studies

Wikipedia - Afghanistan

Excellent online encyclopedia article covering geography, history, military, culture, etc. with links to Internet resources.

DLIFLC- Afghanistan in Perspective

Online familiarization course. Chapters include: Country Profile, Geography, History, Economy, Society, and Security; also has an End-ofCourse Test/Assessment.

Afghanistan - A Country Study

Exceptionally detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, Very Detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends, etc.

Good resource site for information on Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, and Transnational Issues.

Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of countries; also biographic sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.


Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations, and Travel/Business.

Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population, Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.

WBG Activities in Afghanistan, with additional related links.

"The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world?s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

Energy Information Administration Country Analysis Briefs - Afghanistan

"The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and environment."

World Health Organization - Afghanistan

About WHO" "The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies - Afghanistan

The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 178 member National Societies.

Amnesty International - Afghanistan

Amnesty International is a champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of its culture and politics.

Human Rights Watch - Afghanistan

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.


Travel Guides

Lonely Planet Destinations - Afghanistan

The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.

Wikitravel - Afghanistan

Wikitravel - by the people, for the people. Wikitravel is a project to create a free, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide.

Yahoo Travel Guide - Afghanistan

Includes links to history, basics, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.

Google Directory - Afghanistan

Includes links to cities, regions, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.