Language Family: West Iranian group of Iranian branch of Indo-European
NOTE: Non- language specific links in this webliography relating to Afghanistan mirror those in the Pashto webliography.
Dari Language Fonts
Best source for phonetic Farsi keyboard downloads. Requires JLU account.
Use your mouse to select letters on keyboard, then copy and paste as needed, for example, to do Google search.
Because sites come and go on the Internet, the best resource for language fonts may be this Yahoo! Search "find it yourself" link.
Flag of Afghanistan; more on flag and symbols
Probably the most extensive site available for modern-day Afghan resources. By AcademicInfo, an online education resource center with extensive subject guides and distance learning information.
From Indiana University, links below to information on Afghanistan, the Taliban, and Al Qaeda.
From UK. Links to political and governmental sites around the world, on a country by country basis.
Links to primary search engines and gateways.
A comprehensive site devoted to information on Afghanistan in all subject areas including: women, culture, history, biography, the economy, languages, politics, and current news. Includes commercial materials.
BUBL LINK Catalogue is largest Internet portal in U.K.: Selected Internet resources covering all academic subject areas
Extensive resources page, includes links to Interactive Portals, Music and Art, Country/Regions, etc.
Google Regional Directory preset for Afghanistan.
Created and maintained by the LoC Area Studies Directorate
Excellent Yahoo search engine links for everything from Arts and Humanities to Travel and more.
Middle East Studies Association (MESA)
American Institute of Afghanistan Studies
Institute for Afghan Studies
European Center for Afghan Studies Homepage
The Afghanistan Digital Library at NYU will retrieve and restore works published in Afghanistan between 1870 and 1930; the long-term objective is to collect, catalogue, digitize and provide access to as many of this period's publications as possible.
National Council of Organizations of Less Commonly Taught Language
Linguistic Bibliography Online
Center for Afghanistan Studies
From Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota. Select Dari and search LCTL list of US schools and institutions of higher education offering instruction in the Dari language.
"The LinguaVista website enables language learners to find high-level language programs in the US and abroad."
Links to major institutions of higher learning in Afghanistan.
More links to major institutions of higher learning in Afghanistan.
Basic introduction to Dari alphabet with collections of links to audio files and language related websites.
A basic conversation/expressions course by a native enthusiast on YouTube. Creator believes that going through the lessons in order, 1 through 37, is most effective method to use this course.
Outstanding site for published resources - not just for teachers. Select "Dari," "All Materials," and "All Levels" for full display.
More than 100 reading and listening exercises for Dari. "All of the GLOSS lessons are categorized into one of three primary competencies: lexical (vocabulary), structure (grammar), and discourse (devices that bind texts, conversations, etc.). Additionally, all lessons address the socio-cultural competence through teacher notes and the like."
More than 37 training events available.
Includes: Cultural Orientation, 15 common phrases, basic language guide and more.
"LangNet is a language learning support system with interactive materials designed for those who want to practice and maintain their target language reading and listening skills." Currently, only available to military, government agencies and select academic institutions. Best accessed through Joint Language University portal (above).
In addition to LangNet (above), JLU also provides one login/password access to Transparent Language materials like Darii Language Virtual Flash Cards, Dari Talker, Darii Rapid Rote Audio, and Dari Immersion Environments; WordChamp online language lessons; and SCOLA television broadcasts.
A resource site for online some Dari dictionaries, language courses, working aids, and the like.
Large dictionary portal offers general and specialized online dictionaries
Very basic online word-list dictionary.
From Websters-online-dictionary org., still in development phase but useful.
Links to Dari and English online newspapers, magazines, TV and radio stations from this giant news portal.
Huge selection of online national newspapers - with some regional.
Voice of America news broadcasting in target language.
"Deutsche Welle is Germany’s international broadcaster: online, on-screen and over the air. It provides a European perspective to audiences around the world and promotes intercultural dialogue."
SCOLA ia a leader in foreign language television news broadcasts. Schedule of broadcasts, insta-classes in some languages, and other useful information.
Detailed online histories with numerous hyperlinks to articles on important events, personalities and places.
Detailed history with emphasis on modern era to present day, by John Ford Shroder, Regents Professor of Geography and Geology, University of Nebraska.
Everything from Art and Architecture to Rugs and Sports. Lots of external links.
Approximately 99 percent of Afghans are Muslims.
Collection of photographs of Afghanistan, mostly from 1880s to 1930s: pictures of Kabul, Kandahar, Bamiyan, historic images and Afghan kings.
Listings of political sites available on the Internet sorted by country, with links to Parties, Organizations, Governments, Media and more from all around the world
From the Washburn University School of Law Library, links to country sites for Constitutional Law, Government and Politics, Law and Legislation, Legislative Bodies, etc.
Excellent online encyclopedia article covering geography, history, military, culture, etc. with links to Internet resources.
Online familiarization course. Chapters include: Country Profile, Geography, History, Economy, Society, and Security; also has an End-ofCourse Test/Assessment.
Exceptionally detailed presentation from the Library of Congress. Includes sections on: Geography, Society, Economy, Government and Politics, Very Detailed History and Historical Development, Contemporary Trends, etc.
Good resource site for information on Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, and Transnational Issues.
Full profiles provide an instant guide to history, politics and economic background of countries; also biographic sketches of leaders, essay on media, and historic timelines. They also include audio and video clips from the BBC archives.
Background Notes are updated/revised as they are received from regional bureaus and are added to the database of the Department of State web site. Categories include: Geography, People, History, Government, Political Conditions, Economy, Defense, Foreign Relations, U.S. Relations, and Travel/Business.
Latest developments in Peace and Security, Economic Development, Humanitarian Aid/Refugees, Environment/Shelter, Human Rights, Women/Children/Population, Health/Poverty/Food Security, Culture/Education.
WBG Activities in Afghanistan, with additional related links.
"The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world?s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.
"The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by Congress in 1977, the a statistical agency of the U.S. Department of Energy. We provide policy-independent data, forecasts, and analysis to promote sound policy making efficient markets and public understanding regarding energy and its interaction with the economy and environment."
About WHO" "The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 178 member National Societies.
Amnesty International is a champion defender of human rights worldwide. Familiarity with a given country's human rights issues can provide a unique insight into many other aspects of its culture and politics.Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world.
The people at the offbeat Lonely Planet website are not your typical travel guides -- they're very bright and know what they're talking about. Their goal is not to "sell the country" to travelers. Instead, they tell it how it is. Typical headings include: "Warnings" (in case travel is not recommended - the "why's"); Facts for the Traveler, When to Go, Events, Money and Costs, Attractions, Off the Beaten Track, Activities, History, Culture, Environment, Getting There and Away, Getting Around, and Further Reading and Related Weblinks.
Wikitravel - by the people, for the people. Wikitravel is a project to create a free, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide.
Includes links to history, basics, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.
Includes links to cities, regions, transportation, dining, shopping and climate.